you’re among those who consider time your most precious commodity, figuring out
how to allocate more time for yourself can be one of your big challenges.
have been trying to make time work for them for centuries.
45 BC, Julius Caesar decreed the Roman Empire would
mark the passage of time by a solar calendar.
Yet from the moment Caesar’s decree was implemented, man-made
dates on the new calendar began drifting away from nature’s equinoxes and
solstices—particularly the northern vernal equinox on which Easter’s date is
Caesar’s calendar—the Julian calendar—corrected the problem of
manually adding days to the Roman calendar, which totaled 355 days. With the
month of July already named for him, Caesar renamed the following month August,
commemorating his greatest triumphs, and added a day each to July and August,
making them the year’s longest months. The two days were taken from February,
leaving it with twenty-eight days.
The Julian calendar was more accurate, but it, too, was inexact,
remaining slightly misaligned with nature, and, as a result, gaining about
three days every four centuries.
Constantine the Great became a Roman emperor in 306 and was the
first emperor to convert to Christianity, ultimately converting the entire Roman
His introduction of a new gold
coin arrested inflation and became the
standard for Byzantine and European currencies for more than a thousand years. His administrative, financial, social and military reforms strengthened
the empire, prompting historians to view Constantine as having the most significant
impact on modern society of any Roman leader.
Constantine didn’t solve the Julian calendar’s accuracy problem, but his decisions around the calendar were meaningful and are still with us today.
Leveraging his ties with the church, he replaced pagan celebrations
with holy days, or holidays.
And on 7 March 321, Constantine declared that one day per week
should be set aside for rest.
His decree was marked as Dies Solis (or “Day of the Sun”) —origin of the word “Sunday”— and was more pagan than Christian (which would have been known as Dies Dominicus, or “Day of the Lord”). Nevertheless, Constantine gave people permission to take a break.
What must you do to reserve eight hours of time per week—every
week—strictly for yourself?
But the Julian calendar’s inaccuracy persisted. Resolving
it required the convergence of science, religion, and pragmatism.
After twelve hundred years of debate, delay, and indecision, Pope
Gregory XIII decided enough was enough.
The 10-year process he initiated to fix the calendar was bold,
focused and comparatively speedy: First, the problem would be resolved once and
for all. Second, small adjustments were unacceptable; a complete overhaul was
required. Third, gradual implementation was not an option; once a decision was
made, the reformed calendar would become the law of the land.
On 12 February 1582, Pope Gregory XIII signed the papal bull Inter Gravissimas. The reformed Julian calendar became the Gregorian calendar.
What persistent problem demands your decisive action?
a leader requires lots of energy.
work and no play,” the ancient adage instructs, “makes Jack a dull boy.”
thought was first memorialized in 1659 by James Howell in his Proverbs in English, Italian, French and
Look up the word “dull”
and you’ll find it’s an Old English word that came into usage around 1200 and
is derived from Dutch, meaning “crazy or stupid.”
When we say someone is
dull, we might be describing someone who is “stupid, slow of
understanding, not quick in perception.”
The use of that word today
is more likely to mean that a person is boring.
Either way—whether a dull
person is the opposite of being sharp-witted or someone who’s so boring you
wouldn’t want to spend much time with them—one solution for avoiding dullness is
to schedule time away from work in order to relax, re-energize and become exposed
to the rest of the world that’s out there.
Enjoying new experiences,
meeting acquaintances and developing new insights will make you a sharper
When did you last fully unplug from your office? What must you do to
make it possible to take a two-week vacation and unplug completely from the
Measures of time have existed since the Paleolithic Age six
thousand years ago.
Ancient Egyptians used obelisks. The first clocks appeared at
the beginning of the fourteenth century. Personal watches followed one hundred
Time is your most precious commodity. How do successful people
In 1910, Arnold Bennett wrote How to Live on 24 Hours a Day,
offering these thoughts:
the twenty-four-hour day as two components: eight hours for work; the remaining
sixteen hours as yours to be planned and utilized. “If your ordinary day’s work
is thus exhausting, then the balance of your life is wrong and must be
ninety minutes an evening for three evenings. Start small, succeed, continue.
“A glorious failure leads to nothing; a petty success may lead to a success
that is not petty.”
- Take time
to reflect. “We do not reflect upon genuinely important things; upon the
problem of our happiness, upon the main direction in which we are going.”
If you tracked your time in thirty-minute increments for a month,
what would you find? How are you investing your time? Will your current investments
of time matter one year from now?
“The chief beauty about time,” wrote Bennett, “is that you
cannot waste it in advance. You can turn over a new leaf every hour if you
What new leaf are you willing to turn before the sun has set on today?